ISSN 2451-2966


Konrad Swinarski, Anna Polony and Wojciech Pszoniak during rehearsals for the <i>Wszystko dobre, co się dobrze kończy</i> [<i>All’s Well That Ends Well</i>] 1971, Stary Theatre in Kraków, photo: Wojciech Plewiński
Grzegorz Niziołek

Homosexuals in Konrad Swinarski’s Productions: A Language Problem?




At this moment I cannot state without doubt that the reception of two productions by Konrad Swinarski, Smak miodu [A Taste of Honey] by Shelagh Delaney in 1959 at the Wybrzeże Theatre in Gdańsk and Wszystko dobre, co się dobrze kończy [All’s Well That Ends Well] by Shakespeare in 1971 in the Stary Theatre in Kraków, was absolutely exceptional in the post-war history of Polish culture. But it was definitely unusual. The two productions featured homosexual characters. Homosexual men. This is not what made the productions exceptional; rather, it is that the reviews openly discussed the homosexual orientation of the characters onstage



queer; homosexuality; Konrad Swinarski

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Grzegorz Niziołek



(1962) is a theatre and literary scholar, playwright, professor at the Jagiellonian University and AST National Academy of Theatre Arts in Krakow. Interests include 20th- and 21st-century theatre, Romantic tradition in Polish theatre, theatre criticism, the latest phenomena in Polish and European theatre, and connections between theatre and history. Recently published Polski teatr Zagłady [Polish Holocaust Theatre] (Instytut Teatralny, Krytyka Polityczna 2013; the book received the Jan Długosz Award in 2014). Literary director of the Stary Theatre in 2004–2007, founder of the re_wize festival and artistic director of the first two editions, focusing on contemporary interpretations of Romantic and Classical texts. Between 2008 and 2010 artistic director (with Agata Siwiak) of the Łódź of Four Cultures Festival. Co-founder and editor of Didaskalia theatre journal.